Mauritius has a legal system developed from the French and English legal systems due to the past history of Mauritius as a French and British colony.
The law of Mauritius comprises statutes, common law, the Code Civil Mauricien, the Code de Commerce and the Code Penal.Mauritius has retained the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council as its final court of appeal.
The Financial Services Commission (the “Commission”) is established under the Financial Services Act 2007.
The Commission regulates financial services and global business activities in Mauritius (other than banking business which is regulated by the Bank of Mauritius).
The Commission promotes the development, efficiency, transparency and stability of financial and capital markets in Mauritius whilst ensuring the protection of investors and consumers.
The Commission makes rules, sets standards and issues guidelines to regulate the financial services sector and global business.
The Commission grants licences to persons in order to conduct regulated business activity.
The website of the Commission is: www.fscmauritius.org
The Financial Intelligence Unit (“FIU”) is established under the Financial Intelligence and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2002.
The FIU is the central national agency responsible for requesting, receiving, analysing and disseminating to the competent authorities, disclosures of financial information concerning the suspected proceeds of crime, alleged money laundering offences and the potential financing of terrorism.
The FIU also issues guidelines to banks, financial institutions, cash dealers and members of the relevant professions concerning the reporting of suspicious transactions.
The website of the FIU is: www.fiumauritius.org
The Companies Registry is a government office which administers the Companies Act 2001, the Business Registration Act 2002, the Insolvency Act 2009 and the Limited Partnership Act 2011.
It is responsible for the incorporation, registration and liquidation of companies and the registration of documents that must be filed under the Companies Act 2001.
The website of the Registrar of Companies is: http://companies.govmu.org
Mauritius has signed investment promotion and protection agreements with 46 countries.
An investment promotion and protection agreement is a bilateral agreement between sovereign states for the reciprocal promotion and protection of investments.
An investment promotion and protection agreement provides the following guarantees to investors: